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GLOSSARY

High Sheriff: it became customary to use the words High Sheriff to denote a county sheriff. Some English cities and boroughs also have sheriffs, who are appointed annually by their respective corporations and councils. The city and borough sheriffs are responsible to the mayor, while the county sheriffs remain responsible to the Crown.
Shrievalty: the body of High Sheriffs, including those serving, in nomination and past. It also includes the Under-Sheriffs.
Shrieval: pertaining to sheriffs.
Bailiwick: the area over which a High Sheriff presides. In the days of Writ Enforcement, it denoted the district in which the High Sheriff held the jurisdiction to work his bailiffs.
Bailiff: an officer of the Court or another judicial authority (e.g. the High Sheriff) whose job it is to enforce legal Writs. Usually this involves the recovery of outstanding debts.
Under-Sheriff: one who administers the office and responsibilities of a High Sheriff. Each High Sheriff is obliged to nominate an Under-Sheriff. Traditionally the Under-Sheriff acted as the main instrument for the enforcement of writs on behalf of the High Sheriff, instructing the work of the bailiffs. He was therefore often a practising solicitor